Ann Cary Randolph Bankhead

From Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia

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Ann Cary Randolph Bankhead[1] (1791–1826), Thomas Jefferson’s eldest grandchild and the daughter of Martha Jefferson Randolph and Thomas Mann Randolph, was born at Monticello on 23 January 1791. On 19 Sept. 1808 she married Charles Lewis Bankhead,[2] the son of Mary Warner Lewis Bankhead and one of her grandfather’s closest friends, John Bankhead. Three sons and a daughter from this union reached adulthood. In 1811 the Bankheads purchased Carlton, an 800-acre farm adjacent to Monticello. Charles Bankhead proved to be alcoholic, abusive, and improvident. Trustees managed his estate after 1815, when Jefferson sought to ease a financial crisis by adding 130 acres to the couple’s holdings. Ann Bankhead died of complications following childbirth five months before her grandfather, on 11 February 1826,[3] and was buried in the family graveyard at Monticello.


  1. Ann's name was sometimes spelled "Anne," but she herself seems to have preferred "Ann."
  2. Vogt, John and T. William Kethley Jr., Albemarle County Marriages, 1780–1853 [1991], 2:602.
  3. TJ to Thomas Jefferson Randolph, 11 Feb. 1826

Further Sources

  • Cockerham, Anne Z., Arlene W. Keeling and Barbara Parker. "Seeking Refuge at Monticello: Domestic Violence in Thomas Jefferson's Family." Magazine of Albemarle County History 64 (2006):29-52.
  • Elizabeth Trist to Catharine Wistar Bache, 7 May 1811 [PPAmP: Catharine Wistar Bache Papers]
  • Family Letters Project:
  • MB, 2:1269–70.
  • Richmond Enquirer, 23 Feb. 1826.
  • Shackelford, Descendants, 67–75.