Caleb Lownes

From Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia

Caleb Lownes, a Philadelphia Quaker, was an iron merchant who supplied Thomas Jefferson with iron for his nailery. Jefferson first began his dealings with Lownes in December 1793, but ultimately found Lownes to be an unreliable supplier and began obtaining nail rod from a different merchant in 1796.[1]


  1. Jefferson to James Madison, 24 April 1796.

Further Sources

  • Betts, Farm Book, 426-429.
  • DePuy, LeRoy. "The Walnut Street Prison: Pennsylvania's First Penitentiary," Pennsylvania History 38(1951): 130-144.
  • PTJ, 27:586-7. Identification of Caleb Lownes.