From Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia
Common Name: China Pinks, Indian Pinks
Scientific Name: Dianthus chinensis variety
Description: Summer flowering annual or short-lived perennial; Large single flowers with fringed petals in colorful patterns of pink and crimson to white shades
Size: Bushy plants grow 6 inches high and 8 inches wide
Cultural Information: Prefers full sun to light shade and well-drained neutral to alkaline soil
USDA Zones: 7 through 10
Historical Notes: This brilliantly colored dianthus blooms throughout the summer. Also known as Indian Pinks, the species was introduced from China and has been cultivated in Europe and America since the early 18th century. Jefferson first planted “Indian Pinks” at Shadwell, his birthplace, in 1767 and again at Monticello in 1807.
Primary Source References
1813 January 11. (Jefferson to Bernard McMahon). "I have too long delayed returning you thanks for your favors of Nov. 24. & Dec. 1. and the hyacinth roots with the seeds of the China pink...which came safely to hand."
- ↑ This section is based on Peggy Cornett, CHP Information Sheet.
- ↑ Betts, Garden Book, 4 and 335. Manuscript and transcription at the Massachusetts Historical Society.
- ↑ Please note that this list should not be considered comprehensive.
- ↑ Betts, Garden Book, 492. Copy at Library of Congress.
- ↑ Ibid, 504. Polygraph Copy at Library of Congress.
- Cornett, Peggy. "Pinks, Gilliflowers, & Carnations--The Exalted Flowers." Twinleaf, January 1998
- Seeds available for purchase at Monticello Museum Shop
- Thomas Jefferson Center for Historic Plants