Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty (Quotation)
From Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia
Quotation: "Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty."
- "The price of liberty is eternal vigilance."
Sources consulted: (searching on the phrase "eternal vigilance")
- Papers of Thomas Jefferson Digital Edition
- Ford's Works of Thomas Jefferson
- Lipscomb-Bergh Edition (via Google Books)
- UVA EText Jefferson Digital Archive: Texts by or to Thomas Jefferson from the Modern English Collection
- Thomas Jefferson Retirement Papers
Earliest known appearance in print, attributed to Jefferson: 1888
Other attributions: Patrick Henry, Junius
Status: We currently have no evidence to confirm that Thomas Jefferson ever said or wrote, "Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty" or any of its variants.
Comments: This quotation was well-known in the nineteenth century, and was in fact used by a number of famous figures, including Frederick Douglass and James Buchanan. It is most often traced back, ultimately, to John Philpot Curran's statement, "
- ↑ x
- ↑ To establish the earliest appearance of this phrase in print, the following sources were searched for the phrases, "eternal vigilance" and "price of liberty": Google Books, Google Scholar, Amazon.com, Internet Archive, America's Historical Newspapers, American Broadsides and Ephemera Series I, Early American Imprints Series I and II, Early English Books Online, Eighteenth Century Collections Online, 19th Century U.S. Newspapers, American Periodicals Series Online, JSTOR.
- ↑ A Friend of Temperance, "Non-partisanship;" or, "Do not take temperance into politics" (Philadelphia: Dunlap & Clarke, 1888), 124.
- UVA EText Jefferson Digital Archive: Thomas Jefferson on Politics and Government. "The Safest Depository." http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/jefferson/quotations/jeff0350.htm