George Divers

From Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia

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-'''George Divers''' (ca. 1748-1830)<ref>This article is based on Douglas Evans, [http://tjportal.monticello.org/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=6170 ''Jefferson's Neighbors,''] Monticello Research Report, 1995.</ref> was an Albemarle County land-owner, merchant, and a friend of [[Thomas Jefferson]]. The two of them were known to exchanged seeds and letters on farming and gardening. +'''George Divers''' (ca. 1748-1830)<ref>This article is based on Douglas Evans, [http://tjportal.monticello.org/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=6170 ''Jefferson's Neighbors,''] Monticello Research Report, 1995.</ref> was an Albemarle County land-owner, merchant, and a friend of [[Thomas Jefferson]]. The two of them were known to exchange seeds and letters on farming and gardening. Divers married Martha Walker, daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker, and their only son died at a young age. In 1785, Divers bought the [[Farmington]] estate, and in 1802, he asked Jefferson to design his house.
- +
-Divers married Martha Walker, daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker and their only son died at a young age. +
- +
-In 1785, Divers bought the [[Farmington]] estate, and in 1802, he asked Jefferson to design his house. +
==Primary Source References<ref> Please note that this list should not be considered comprehensive.</ref>== ==Primary Source References<ref> Please note that this list should not be considered comprehensive.</ref>==
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==Jefferson-Divers Correspondence<ref>Please note that this list should not be considered comprehensive.</ref>== ==Jefferson-Divers Correspondence<ref>Please note that this list should not be considered comprehensive.</ref>==
-*Thomas Jefferson to George Divers. 26 November 1792.<ref>[[Short Title List|''PTJ'']], 24:663.[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Letterpress Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Thomas Jefferson to George Divers. 26 November 1792. [[Short Title List|''PTJ'']], 24:663.[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Letterpress Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 1 January 1793.<ref>Ibid, 25:3-4. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 1 January 1793.[[Short Title List|''PTJ'']], 25:3-4. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 14 July 1803.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 14 July 1803. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Jefferson to Divers. 24 May 1807.<ref>[http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=mtj1&fileName=mtj1page038.db&recNum=469 Polygraph Copy] at the Library of Congress.</ref>+*Jefferson to Divers. 24 May 1807. [http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=mtj1&fileName=mtj1page038.db&recNum=469 Polygraph Copy] at the Library of Congress.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 6 June 1807.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 6 June 1807. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Jefferson to Divers. 14 June 1807.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Jefferson to Divers. 14 June 1807. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Jefferson to Divers. 29 September 1807.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Jefferson to Divers. 29 September 1807. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 16 June 1808.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 16 June 1808. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 22 April 1809.<ref>[[Short Title List|''PTJ"RS'']], 1:157. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 22 April 1809. [[Short Title List|''PTJ:RS'']], 1:157. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Jefferson to Divers. 16 March 1811.<ref>Ibid, 3:454. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Jefferson to Divers. 16 March 1811. [[Short Title List|''PTJ:RS'']], 3:454. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 17 March 1811.<ref>Ibid, 3:456. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 17 March 1811. [[Short Title List|''PTJ:RS'']], 3:456. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Jefferson to Divers. 18 March 1811.<ref>Ibid, 3:460-461. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Jefferson to Divers. 18 March 1811. [[Short Title List|''PTJ:RS'']], 3:460-461. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Jefferson to Divers. 14 September 1811.<ref>Ibid, 4:156. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Jefferson to Divers. 14 September 1811. [[Short Title List|''PTJ:RS'']], 4:156. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Jefferson to Divers. 18 March 1812.<ref>Ibid, 4:561. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraphy Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Jefferson to Divers. 18 March 1812. [[Short Title List|''PTJ:RS'']], 4:561. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraphy Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 18 March 1812.<ref>ibid, 4:562. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 18 March 1812. [[Short Title List|''PTJ:RS'']], 4:562. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Jefferson to Divers. 17 August 1813.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Jefferson to Divers. 17 August 1813. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Dives to Jefferson. 17 August 1813.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Dives to Jefferson. 17 August 1813. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 11 April 1814.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 11 April 1814. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Dives to Jefferson. 30 April 1815.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Dives to Jefferson. 30 April 1815. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Jefferson to Divers. 27 March 1817.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Jefferson to Divers. 27 March 1817. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Jefferson to Divers. 14 June 1718.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Jefferson to Divers. 14 June 1718. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Jefferson to Divers. 2 July 1818.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Jefferson to Divers. 2 July 1818. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Polygraph Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 6 may 1819.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 6 may 1819. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 28 October 1819.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 28 October 1819. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 28 February 1820.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 28 February 1820. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 3 May 1820.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 3 May 1820. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
-*Divers to Jefferson. 24 January 1826.<ref>[http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref>+*Divers to Jefferson. 24 January 1826. [http://www.masshist.org/findingaids/doc.cfm?fa=fa0031 Recipient Copy] at Massachusetts Historical Society.
==Footnotes== ==Footnotes==

Current revision

George Divers (ca. 1748-1830)[1] was an Albemarle County land-owner, merchant, and a friend of Thomas Jefferson. The two of them were known to exchange seeds and letters on farming and gardening. Divers married Martha Walker, daughter of Dr. Thomas Walker, and their only son died at a young age. In 1785, Divers bought the Farmington estate, and in 1802, he asked Jefferson to design his house.

Primary Source References[2]

1772 December 14. "Pd. Divers for 10 yds. calico L2."[3]

1772 December 30.' "Charge Anderson Bryan things had from Divers 19/7."[4]

1773 January 18. "Charge Mr. Bryan goods from Div[ers] L2-14-2 1/4."[5]

1773 February 26. "Gave following orders on George Divers Richard Sorrrels L10-8 Wm. Reynolds L7-19-3 Mrs. Wallace 30/ John Spencer on acct. of Jno. Day L4-16 John Swann on acct. Dab. Minor."[6]

1773 February 28. "Gave Dr. Allegre order for L5-16 on George Divers on acct. of my mother and took in her note."[7]

1773 July 29. "Gave order on George Divers in favor of Wm. Hickman for L3-15-6 3/4 which discharges the balance of all dealings from the beginning of the world to this day..."[8]

1773 September 27. "My order on George Divers in favr. of Wm. Dan. Fitz not having been paid re-charge Divers."[9]

1774 July 7. "Gave Will Beck order on G. Divers for barrel corn."[10]

1777 March 19. "See Pet. Feild Trent's acct. rendered me by George Divers money paid & good delivered..."[11]

1792. "G. Divers thinks feilds of 50. acres of wheat the best size."[12]

1795 August 21. "Sent G. Divers for 3. lambs 4.D."[13]

1795 September 28. "Pd. G. Divers for 25 lb. mutton @3d. 6/3."[14]

1795 October 13. "Sent G. Divers for meat 24/ which is 1/9 over."[15]

1796 January 11. (Jefferson to Thomas Mann Randolph). "I went on Saturday with Divers to see Mr. Meriwether's machine thresh...Both Divers and myself were however well satisfied with Mr. Meriwether's."[16]

1796 April 4. "Gave Geo. Divers order on Chas. Johnston for 120.D. on TMR's acct. which debit to TMR."[17]

1796 November 6. "Pd. G. Divers's Will for 18. qts. of greensword seed @1/3 22/16."[18].

1797 September 3. "Pd. Divers's man for 31/2 galls. timothy seed for H. Marks 31/."[19]

1797 November 16. "Settled with G. Divers an old acct. balance in his favor L9-13-6 for which he takes nails."[20]

1798 February 27. "Recd. of George Divers for nails & spectacles L15-8-9 (by hands of Kelly)."[21]

1798 December 4. "See Thos. Carr's acct. from 96. Dec. 6 to 98. Mar. 219. and matters of acct. with the following person 96. Dec. 6. Divers George..."[22]

1798 December 7. "I am to pay Upjohn L22-16 sterl. for Geo. Divers which he will repay here. Note it is for a chimney piece sent me without orders, which Mr. Divers buys."[23]

1799 February 8. (Martha Jefferson Randolph to Jefferson). "After your departure we spent ten days with Mrs. Divers, Carr, Trist &c. &c. &c. during which time I went to a ball in Charlottesville, danced at it and returned home fatigued and unwell to prepare for our return to Bellmont..."[24]

1803 June 23. "Gave Geo. Andrews ord. on J. Barnes for ornaments for Geo. Divers 49.69..."[25]

1803 September 17. "On settlement with George Divers, recieved from hil L14-10 being the balance due on all accts. to this day."[26]

1803 October 9. "Inclosed to him also for J. Perry an ord. on G. Divers for 37.27 as above."[27]

1805 March 27. "Inclosed to G. Divers by Jack 108.87 his acct. for whiskey to the workmen & plantation, beef & flour for the house."[28]

1809 February 6. "Henry Foxall casting for G. Divers 69.18..."[29]

1809 March 30. "Gave Mr. Divers's horseler 1.D."[30]

1809 April 14. "G. Dives finds the following sufficient for his family. Celery 400f. running measure. to wit 10. rows of my squares 3.f. apart 4 f is better Salsafy 320.f. = 8. rows of my squares of 40 f. at 6.I. every way Carrots 320.f = 8. do. 12.I. apart. parsneps 200.f = 5.do. 12.I. apart. beet 200.f = 5. do. 12.I. apart."[31]

1809 April 24. "Recd. of Geo. Divers the 69.18 paid for him ante Feb. 6."[32]

1809 June 3. "Tomatas. from G. Divers..."[33]

1810 March 17-20. "planted in orchard as follows...i.-2 + 2.3. Spitzenburg apple trees from Mr. Divers."[34]

1812 March 17-18. "6. Spitzenbgs from mr Divers...6 choice pears from mr. Divers."[35]

1812 March 21. Nursey. 1st. terras. planted 24. sweet almond kernels from Mr. Divers tree.[36]

1812 October 24. "Recd. of G. Divers 50.D. his sbscrptn. to Mclure to be deposited in the bk. of Richmd. for James Hamilton."[37]

1813 January 29. "...recd. from Geo. Divers ante Oct. 24. to the credit of James Hamilton, being their subscriptions to Wm. Mclure assigned to Hamilton."[38]

1813 August 14. "Inclosed G. Divers 10.D. for 30. galls. vinegar."[39]

1815 April 30. "mr Divers has a dish of peas."[40] </ref>

1816 March 18. "Peas at Mr. Divers. They were sown Feb. 2."[41]

1817 May 4. "Peas at mr Divers. Sown early in Jan."[42]

1818 July 31. "Farmington vales 1.5..."[43]

1819 September 25. "Gave G. Divers ord. on Jas. Leitch for 25.D. fpr 100. lb candles."[44]

1820 May 26. "planted the whole bed of sea kale with plants from mr. Divers. about 400. plants in all."[45]

1821 August 6. "Pd. G. Divers for 6. Bar. flour 27.D."[46]

1822 April 22. "Limas. G.D."[47]

1822 October 30. "Sent G. Dives for wheat. 75."[48]

1823 April 27. "Recd. back from G. Divers the .75 ante Nov. 1.21.28 Hhd. xp. 1.D."[49]

Jefferson-Divers Correspondence[50]

  • Thomas Jefferson to George Divers. 26 November 1792. PTJ, 24:663.Letterpress Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 1 January 1793.PTJ, 25:3-4. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 14 July 1803. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Jefferson to Divers. 24 May 1807. Polygraph Copy at the Library of Congress.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 6 June 1807. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Jefferson to Divers. 14 June 1807. Polygraph Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Jefferson to Divers. 29 September 1807. Polygraph Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 16 June 1808. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 22 April 1809. PTJ:RS, 1:157. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Jefferson to Divers. 16 March 1811. PTJ:RS, 3:454. Polygraph Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 17 March 1811. PTJ:RS, 3:456. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Jefferson to Divers. 18 March 1811. PTJ:RS, 3:460-461. Polygraph Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Jefferson to Divers. 14 September 1811. PTJ:RS, 4:156. Polygraph Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Jefferson to Divers. 18 March 1812. PTJ:RS, 4:561. Polygraphy Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 18 March 1812. PTJ:RS, 4:562. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Jefferson to Divers. 17 August 1813. Polygraph Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Dives to Jefferson. 17 August 1813. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 11 April 1814. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Dives to Jefferson. 30 April 1815. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Jefferson to Divers. 27 March 1817. Polygraph Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Jefferson to Divers. 14 June 1718. Polygraph Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Jefferson to Divers. 2 July 1818. Polygraph Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 6 may 1819. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 28 October 1819. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 28 February 1820. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 3 May 1820. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  • Divers to Jefferson. 24 January 1826. Recipient Copy at Massachusetts Historical Society.

Footnotes

  1. This article is based on Douglas Evans, Jefferson's Neighbors, Monticello Research Report, 1995.
  2. Please note that this list should not be considered comprehensive.
  3. MB, 1:301.
  4. Ibid, 1:299.
  5. Ibid, 1:334.
  6. Ibid, 1:335.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Ibid, 1:343.
  9. Ibid, 1:345.
  10. Ibid, 1:376.
  11. MB, 1:440.
  12. Betts, Garden Book, 171. Available Manuscript and transcription at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  13. MB, 2:931.
  14. Ibid, 2:932.
  15. Ibid, 2:933.
  16. PTJ, 28:579-580.
  17. MB, 2:938.
  18. Ibid, 2:948.
  19. Ibid, 2:969.
  20. Ibid, 2:973.
  21. Ibid, 2:989.
  22. Ibid, 2:993.
  23. Ibid, 2:994-995.
  24. PTJ, 31:20.
  25. MB, 2:1103.
  26. Ibid, 2:1106.
  27. Ibid, 2:1110.
  28. Ibid, 2:1150.
  29. Ibid, 2:1240.
  30. Ibid, 2:1244.
  31. Betts, Garden Book, 386. Manuscript and transcription at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  32. MB, 2:1245.
  33. Betts, Garden Book, 391. Manuscript and transcription at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  34. Ibid, 420. Manuscript and transcription at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  35. Ibid, 475. Manuscript and transcription at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  36. Ibid, 475. Manuscript and transcription at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  37. MB, 2:1283.
  38. Ibid, 2:1286.
  39. Ibid, 2:1292.
  40. Betts, Garden Book, 537.Manuscript and transcription at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  41. Ibid, 551. Manuscript and transcription at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  42. Ibid, 565. Manuscript and transcription at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  43. MB, 2L1346.
  44. Ibid, 2:1358.
  45. Betts, Garden Book, 589. Manuscript and transcription at Massachusetts Historical Society.
  46. MB, 2: 1377.
  47. Betts, Garden Book, 599.
  48. MB, 2:1380.
  49. Ibid, 2:1395.
  50. Please note that this list should not be considered comprehensive.