Herbs

From Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia

Revision as of 13:14, 10 February 2009 by ABerkes (Talk | contribs)

Thomas Jefferson listed 16 herbs in his Garden Book in 1794 under "Objects for the garden this year":[1]

  • sage [Salvia officinalis]
  • balm [Melissa officinalis - known as lemon balm]
  • mint [Mentha piperita]
  • thyme [Thymus vulgaris]
  • lavender [Lavandula angustifolia]
  • marjoram [Majorana hortensis]
  • camomile [chamomile - Anthemis nobilis]
  • tansey [tansy - Tanacetum vulgare]
  • rue [Ruta graveolens]
  • wormwood [Artemisia absinthium]
  • southernwood [Artemisia abrotanum]
  • rosemary [Rosmarinus officinalis]
  • hyssop [Hyssopus officinalis]
  • perywinkle [periwinkle - Vinca minor]
  • marshmellow [marshmallow - Althaea officinalis]
  • beargrass [Yucca filamentosa]

A number of specific herbs were also listed in a notebook belonging to Martha Jefferson Randolph:[2]

  • sweet marjoram
  • sweet basil
  • tansey
  • savory
  • gar[ ]
  • thyme
  • southernwood
  • sage
  • [ ]lm
  • mint
  • worm wood
  • catnip
  • camomile
  • hyssop
  • fennel
  • anise
  • mustard
  • carraway
  • [cori?]ander
  • lavender
  • madder
  • rosemary
  • rhubarb
  • calamas
  • [ ]m seed

This does not constitute an exhaustive listing of herbs grown at Monticello, however; for further references to herbs, see Thomas Jefferson's Garden Book.

Footnotes

  1. Betts, Garden Book, 208.
  2. Randolph, Martha Jefferson. Martha Jefferson Randolph Note and Cash Book,University of Virginia. [1826]. p. 29. Transcription by Lucia Stanton, 28 October 1988.