Montalto

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-The mountain that [[Thomas Jefferson]] named '''Montalto''' is a part of the Carters Mountain<ref>The mountain's official name is "Carters Mountain" (although some sources use "Carter's Mountain") as per the current Geodetic survey.</ref> range and is today sometimes known as Brown's Mountain. In 1777, Jefferson purchased 483 acres of land on the mountain from Edward Carter, the second son of John Carter, who had received the land from King George II as his Colonial Secretary. Jefferson never built anything on Montalto, although he did draw plans for an observation tower there. Following Jefferson's death, the land was inherited by his daughter [[Martha Jefferson Randolph]]. In 1832, Montalto was sold to Benjamin Sneed, and subsequently passed through numerous owners.<ref>Susan Brown Craig, ''Living on the Mountain:A Memoir'', Mechanicsburg, PA: Burnt Tree Press, 2006, 1-2.</ref> +The mountain that [[Thomas Jefferson]] named Montalto is a part of the Carters Mountain<ref>The mountain's official name is "Carters Mountain" (although some sources use "Carter's Mountain") as per the current Geodetic survey.</ref> range and is today sometimes known as Brown's Mountain. It is located about three miles southeast of Charlottesville and south/southwest of Monticello being separated from that mountain by the "Thoroughfare Gap." The elevation is 1,278 feet and it rises 410 feet above Monticello.
 + 
 +In 1777, Jefferson purchased 483 acres of land on the mountain from Edward Carter, the second son of John Carter, who had received the land from King George II as his Colonial Secretary. Jefferson never built anything on Montalto, although he did draw plans for an observation tower there. Following Jefferson's death, the land was inherited by his daughter [[Martha Jefferson Randolph]]. In 1832, Montalto was sold to Benjamin Sneed, and subsequently passed through numerous owners.<ref>Susan Brown Craig, ''Living on the Mountain:A Memoir'', Mechanicsburg, PA: Burnt Tree Press, 2006, 1-2.</ref>
In 1905, the land was purchased by James Addison Patterson, who began construction of the house and barns, designed by architect Charles Barton Keen. The house was named “Repose”, and upon Patterson's death in 1931, was bequeathed to the Martha Jefferson Hospital, who rented portions of it out.<ref>Ibid, 2-3.</ref> In 1905, the land was purchased by James Addison Patterson, who began construction of the house and barns, designed by architect Charles Barton Keen. The house was named “Repose”, and upon Patterson's death in 1931, was bequeathed to the Martha Jefferson Hospital, who rented portions of it out.<ref>Ibid, 2-3.</ref>
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== Chronology == == Chronology ==
-'''1771.''' Jefferson took steps to acquire the mountain he would call+1771. Jefferson took steps to acquire the mountain he would call
High Mountain and Montalto. In exchange for legal services for Edward Carter (docking High Mountain and Montalto. In exchange for legal services for Edward Carter (docking
the entail of the Carter lands), Jefferson was to receive "as much the entail of the Carter lands), Jefferson was to receive "as much
of his nearest mountain as can be seen from mine, and 100 of his nearest mountain as can be seen from mine, and 100
-yds. beyond the lines of sight agreed before Capt. Burton."<ref>[[Short Title List|''MB'' 1771, legal section</ref>+yds. beyond the lines of sight agreed before Capt. Burton."
-'''1776 Sep. 15.''' Jefferson took a barometric reading on the summit of+1776 Sep. 15. Jefferson took a barometric reading on the summit of
-Montalto, in order to calculate its elevation.<ref>''MB'' 1776,+Montalto, in order to calculate its elevation.
-miscellaneous section</ref>+
-'''1777 Oct. 17.''' Jefferson became legal owner of 483 acres of Montalto.<ref>Albemarle County Deed Book, VII, 132-33<ref> Instead of docking the entail, Jefferson apparently had to wait+1777 Oct. 17. Jefferson became legal owner of 483 acres of Montalto.<ref>Albemarle County Deed Book, VII, 132-33<ref> Instead of docking the entail, Jefferson apparently had to wait
for the 1777 Virginia law abolishing entails (which he for the 1777 Virginia law abolishing entails (which he
drafted) before he could obtain title to the land. He paid drafted) before he could obtain title to the land. He paid
-£190 for it.<ref>''MB'' 15 Oct. 1777, 1:452; 2 Aug. 1778, 1:468.</ref>+£190 for it.
-'''1778 Nov. 5.''' Jefferson considered enclosing 400 acres of Montalto with+1778 Nov. 5. Jefferson considered enclosing 400 acres of Montalto with
-a stone wall.<ref>[[Short Title List|Betts, ''Garden Book'']] 79.</ref>+a stone wall.
-'''1770s, probably post Nov. 1778.''' Jefferson prepared several designs for+1770s, probably post Nov. 1778. Jefferson prepared several designs for
structures planned for the summit of Montalto: observation structures planned for the summit of Montalto: observation
towers 100' high, a 200' column. None were ever constructed.<ref>Nichols, Nos. [http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/cfm/search.cfm?start=1&hi=on&user=&tag=text&archive=arch&noimages=&query=n65&submit=Search 65], [http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/cfm/search.cfm?start=1&hi=on&user=&tag=text&archive=arch&noimages=&query=n66&submit=Search 66], [http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/cfm/doc.cfm?id=arch_N93&mode=sm 93], 126.</ref> towers 100' high, a 200' column. None were ever constructed.<ref>Nichols, Nos. [http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/cfm/search.cfm?start=1&hi=on&user=&tag=text&archive=arch&noimages=&query=n65&submit=Search 65], [http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/cfm/search.cfm?start=1&hi=on&user=&tag=text&archive=arch&noimages=&query=n66&submit=Search 66], [http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/cfm/doc.cfm?id=arch_N93&mode=sm 93], 126.</ref>
-'''1796.''' Jefferson gave Nicholas H. Lewis 12.5 acres of Montalto in+1796. Jefferson gave Nicholas H. Lewis 12.5 acres of Montalto in
exchange for 27.5 acres on Monticello's western boundary.<ref>MB 21 Dec. 1796, ; AlCDB, XIII, 130; TJ plat, Nichols, no. exchange for 27.5 acres on Monticello's western boundary.<ref>MB 21 Dec. 1796, ; AlCDB, XIII, 130; TJ plat, Nichols, no.
517)</ref> 517)</ref>
-''c1800 ?'' TJ planned improvements to Monticello and Montalto, to+TJ planned improvements to Monticello and Montalto, to
include bringing water from the Montalto spring by pipes or a include bringing water from the Montalto spring by pipes or a
cascade, converting Montalto to "park & riding grounds," and cascade, converting Montalto to "park & riding grounds," and
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''1815.'' TJ gave the above 101.25 acres to his granddaughter Anne ''1815.'' TJ gave the above 101.25 acres to his granddaughter Anne
Cary Bankhead. It became part of the Bankhead's farm, Carlton. Cary Bankhead. It became part of the Bankhead's farm, Carlton.
-( AlCDB, XIX, 322-24) +( AlCDB, XIX, 322-24)
''1826.'' TJ apparently owned Montalto at his death, when it became ''1826.'' TJ apparently owned Montalto at his death, when it became
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determined. determined.
-== Documentary Sources ==+== Primary Source References<ref>''Please note that this list should not be considered comprehensive''.</ref> ==
-''1771 March. 24.'' "Charles Carter of Corotoman (Lancaster) v. Edward+1771 March. 24. "Charles Carter of Corotoman (Lancaster) v. Edward
Carter (Albemarle). Bring petn. for 10,000 acres of land Carter (Albemarle). Bring petn. for 10,000 acres of land
Albem. on South West mountains on the waters of Rivanna and Albem. on South West mountains on the waters of Rivanna and
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to give me as much of his nearest mountain as can be seen to give me as much of his nearest mountain as can be seen
from mine, and 100 yds. beyond the line of sight agreed from mine, and 100 yds. beyond the line of sight agreed
-before Capt. Wm. Burton. " (MB 1771, legal section)+before Capt. Wm. Burton. "<ref>[[Short Title List|''MB'']], 1:219.</ref>
-''1774 Oct. 3.'' Preliminary survey plat made for TJ by Anderson+1774 Oct. 3. Preliminary survey plat made for TJ by Anderson
-Bryan. (in ViU:Edgehill-Randolph Papers)+Bryan.<ref>Edgehill-Randolph Papers at
 + 
 +[http://www.lib.virginia.edu/small/ University of Virginia]
''1776 Sep. 15.'' TJ took barometrical observations at two ''1776 Sep. 15.'' TJ took barometrical observations at two
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tract. (AlCDB, XIII, 130; T3 plat, Nichols. no. 517) tract. (AlCDB, XIII, 130; T3 plat, Nichols. no. 517)
-''c1800?'' "General ideas for the improvement of Monticello....+'''c1800?''' "General ideas for the improvement of Monticello....
The spring on Montalto either to be brought to Monticello by The spring on Montalto either to be brought to Monticello by
pipes or to fall over steps of stairs in cascade, made pipes or to fall over steps of stairs in cascade, made
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''1815.'' TJ gave the two tracts purchased in 1802 to his ''1815.'' TJ gave the two tracts purchased in 1802 to his
granddaughter Anne Cary Bankhead. (AlCDB, XIX, 322-24) granddaughter Anne Cary Bankhead. (AlCDB, XIX, 322-24)
- 
== Further Sources == == Further Sources ==
-*[[Short Title List | HB]] +*[[Short Title List | HB]]
 + 
*Memorandum Book. *Memorandum Book.
-*[[Short Title List | AlCDB]] +*[[Short Title List | AlCDB]]
 + 
*Albemarle County Deed Book *Albemarle County Deed Book
*Frederick D. Nichols, ''Thomas Jefferson's Architectural *Frederick D. Nichols, ''Thomas Jefferson's Architectural
- Drawings''+Drawings''
== Footnotes == == Footnotes ==
<references/> <references/>
- 
[[Category:Places]] [[Category:Places]]

Revision as of 12:58, 6 October 2008

The mountain that Thomas Jefferson named Montalto is a part of the Carters Mountain[1] range and is today sometimes known as Brown's Mountain. It is located about three miles southeast of Charlottesville and south/southwest of Monticello being separated from that mountain by the "Thoroughfare Gap." The elevation is 1,278 feet and it rises 410 feet above Monticello.

In 1777, Jefferson purchased 483 acres of land on the mountain from Edward Carter, the second son of John Carter, who had received the land from King George II as his Colonial Secretary. Jefferson never built anything on Montalto, although he did draw plans for an observation tower there. Following Jefferson's death, the land was inherited by his daughter Martha Jefferson Randolph. In 1832, Montalto was sold to Benjamin Sneed, and subsequently passed through numerous owners.[2]

In 1905, the land was purchased by James Addison Patterson, who began construction of the house and barns, designed by architect Charles Barton Keen. The house was named “Repose”, and upon Patterson's death in 1931, was bequeathed to the Martha Jefferson Hospital, who rented portions of it out.[3]

In 1950, the property was purchased by Lois and Nelson Brown, for whom it is now named. The Brown family renovated the house and made minor additions.[4] In the 1950s, the Brown's operated a gift shop out of the barn, until it burned in 1959. After that time, the remaining barns were rented as apartments.[5] In the early 1970s, the Brown's sold the property, which is today owned by the Thomas Jefferson Foundation.

Chronology

1771. Jefferson took steps to acquire the mountain he would call High Mountain and Montalto. In exchange for legal services for Edward Carter (docking the entail of the Carter lands), Jefferson was to receive "as much of his nearest mountain as can be seen from mine, and 100 yds. beyond the lines of sight agreed before Capt. Burton."

1776 Sep. 15. Jefferson took a barometric reading on the summit of Montalto, in order to calculate its elevation.

1777 Oct. 17. Jefferson became legal owner of 483 acres of Montalto.[6]

1796. Jefferson gave Nicholas H. Lewis 12.5 acres of Montalto in exchange for 27.5 acres on Monticello's western boundary.[7]

TJ planned improvements to Monticello and Montalto, to include bringing water from the Montalto spring by pipes or a cascade, converting Montalto to "park & riding grounds," and constructing a bridge between the two tracts over the Thoroughfare Gap road. (GB, plate XX)

1802. TJ bought 101.25 acres on northern boundary of Montalto, for which he paid 9419.16. (AlCDB, I. 165-67; MB 5 Oct. 1802; TJ plats, Nichols, nos. 518-19)

1815. TJ gave the above 101.25 acres to his granddaughter Anne Cary Bankhead. It became part of the Bankhead's farm, Carlton. ( AlCDB, XIX, 322-24)

1826. TJ apparently owned Montalto at his death, when it became part of his estate administered by his grandson Thomas Jefferson Randolph. The next owner has not yet been determined.

Primary Source References[8]

1771 March. 24. "Charles Carter of Corotoman (Lancaster) v. Edward Carter (Albemarle). Bring petn. for 10,000 acres of land Albem. on South West mountains on the waters of Rivanna and Hardware rivers. Patd. by Carter father of def. This is in order to dock the entail of the lands, for which def. is to give me as much of his nearest mountain as can be seen from mine, and 100 yds. beyond the line of sight agreed before Capt. Wm. Burton. "[9]

1774 Oct. 3. Preliminary survey plat made for TJ by Anderson Bryan.[10]