Scarlet Pentapetes

From Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia

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[[Image:pentapetes3.jpg|thumb|right|Scarlet Pentapetes]] [[Image:pentapetes3.jpg|thumb|right|Scarlet Pentapetes]]
-'''Common Name:''' Scarlet Pentapetes<ref>This article is based on Peggy Cornett, CHP Information Sheet.</ref>+'''Common Name:''' Scarlet Pentapetes<ref>This article is based on a Center for Historic Plants Information Sheet.</ref>
'''Scientific Name:''' ''Pentapetes phoenicea'' '''Scientific Name:''' ''Pentapetes phoenicea''
 +
 +[[Thomas Jefferson|Jefferson]] sowed seed of this tender annual along his flower border in 1811, calling it "Scarlet Mallow."<ref>[[Short Title List|Betts, ''Garden Book'']], 445. [http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/cfm/doc.cfm?id=garden_44&numrecs=1&archive=garden&hi=on&mode=&query=phoenicia&queryid=&rec=1&noimages=&start=1&tag=text&user= Manuscript and transcription] at the Massachusetts Historical Society. See also Edwin M. Betts, Hazlehurst Bolton Perkins, and Peter J. Hatch, [http://tjportal.monticello.org/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=3074 ''Thomas Jefferson's Flower Garden at Monticello''], 3rd ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1986), 73.</ref> He likely received seed from [[Philadelphia]] nurseryman [[Bernard McMahon]], who noted the flower in his book, [http://tjportal.monticello.org/cgi-bin/Pwebrcon.cgi?BID=5466 ''The American Gardener’s Calendar, 1806.'']
-'''Description:''' Tender, ornamental, annual flower; Scarlet, mallow-like blossoms open at noon and close at dawn. Distinctive, olive green foliage with serrated edges+This plant has tender, ornamental, annual flowers with scarlet, mallow-like blossoms that open at noon and close at dawn. The foliage is a distinctive, olive green with serrated edges.
- +
-'''Size:''' Grows 3 to 5 feet; upright habit+
- +
-'''Cultural Information:''' Prefers full sun to light shade and well-drained garden loam+
- +
-'''Historical Notes:''' [[Thomas Jefferson|Jefferson]] sowed seed of this tender annual along his flower border in 1811, calling it "Scarlet Mallow."<ref>[[Short Title List|Betts, ''Garden Book'']], 445. [http://www.thomasjeffersonpapers.org/cfm/doc.cfm?id=garden_44&numrecs=1&archive=garden&hi=on&mode=&query=phoenicia&queryid=&rec=1&noimages=&start=1&tag=text&user= Manuscript and transcription] at the Massachusetts Historical Society.</ref> He likely received seed from [[Philadelphia]] nurseryman [[Bernard McMahon]], who noted the flower in his book, [http://tjportal.monticello.org/cgi-bin/Pwebrcon.cgi?BID=5466 ''The American Gardener’s Calendar, 1806.''] This unusual plant of the Old World Tropics, rarely cultivated in America, is a member of the chocolate family with brownish-green stems and mallow-like blossoms. It makes a handsome accent plant in the garden.+
==Footnotes== ==Footnotes==
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==Further Sources== ==Further Sources==
 +*Griffith, Lawrence D. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/223869973 ''Flowers and Herbs of Early America.''] New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008
*Seeds available for purchase at [http://monticellostore.stores.yahoo.net/600247.html Monticello Museum Shop] *Seeds available for purchase at [http://monticellostore.stores.yahoo.net/600247.html Monticello Museum Shop]
*[http://www.monticello.org/chp/index.html Thomas Jefferson Center for Historic Plants] *[http://www.monticello.org/chp/index.html Thomas Jefferson Center for Historic Plants]
-[[Category:Annuals (ornamental)|Pentapetes, Scarlet]]+[[Category:Annuals (Ornamental)|Pentapetes, Scarlet]]
 +[[Category:Jefferson-Documented Plants]]

Current revision

Scarlet Pentapetes
Scarlet Pentapetes

Common Name: Scarlet Pentapetes[1]

Scientific Name: Pentapetes phoenicea

Jefferson sowed seed of this tender annual along his flower border in 1811, calling it "Scarlet Mallow."[2] He likely received seed from Philadelphia nurseryman Bernard McMahon, who noted the flower in his book, The American Gardener’s Calendar, 1806.

This plant has tender, ornamental, annual flowers with scarlet, mallow-like blossoms that open at noon and close at dawn. The foliage is a distinctive, olive green with serrated edges.

Footnotes

  1. This article is based on a Center for Historic Plants Information Sheet.
  2. Betts, Garden Book, 445. Manuscript and transcription at the Massachusetts Historical Society. See also Edwin M. Betts, Hazlehurst Bolton Perkins, and Peter J. Hatch, Thomas Jefferson's Flower Garden at Monticello, 3rd ed. (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1986), 73.

Further Sources