The Unknown Patriot

From Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia

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There is a story that, on July 4th, 1776, the delegates at the Continental Congress were finally convinced to sign the [[Declaration of Independence]] by a rousing speech made by an "'''unknown patriot'''," who exhorted the delegates, There is a story that, on July 4th, 1776, the delegates at the Continental Congress were finally convinced to sign the [[Declaration of Independence]] by a rousing speech made by an "'''unknown patriot'''," who exhorted the delegates,
-<blockquote>"Sign! if the next moment the gibbet's rope is round your neck! Sign! if the next moment this hall rings with the echo of the falling axe! Sign! By all your hopes in life or death, as husbands–as fathers–as men–sign your names to the Parchment or be accursed forever!"</blockquote>+<blockquote>"Sign! if the next moment the gibbet's rope is round your neck! Sign! if the next moment this hall rings with the echo of the falling axe! Sign! By all your hopes in life or death, as husbands–-as fathers–-as men–-sign your names to the Parchment or be accursed forever!"</blockquote>
This story is a work of historical fiction. It appeared in George Lippard's ''Washington and His Generals; Or, Legends of the Revolution''.<ref>George Lippard, [http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&id=_2clAAAAMAAJ ''Washington and His Generals; Or, Legends of the Revolution''] (Philadelphia: Zieber, 1847), 394-396.</ref> According to ''American National Biography'', Lippard "wrote many semifanciful 'legends' of American history, mythologizing the founding fathers and retelling key moments of the American Revolution so vividly that several of the legends (most famously the one describing the ringing of the Liberty Bell on 4 July 1776)<ref>This is the same story that contains the "speech of the unknown patriot."</ref> became part of American folklore."<ref>David S. Reynolds, "Lippard, George"; http://www.anb.org/articles/16/16-01002.html; ''American National Biography Online'' Feb. 2000. Access Date: Thu Aug 07 2008 17:08:25 GMT-0400 (Eastern Daylight Time)</ref> This story is a work of historical fiction. It appeared in George Lippard's ''Washington and His Generals; Or, Legends of the Revolution''.<ref>George Lippard, [http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&id=_2clAAAAMAAJ ''Washington and His Generals; Or, Legends of the Revolution''] (Philadelphia: Zieber, 1847), 394-396.</ref> According to ''American National Biography'', Lippard "wrote many semifanciful 'legends' of American history, mythologizing the founding fathers and retelling key moments of the American Revolution so vividly that several of the legends (most famously the one describing the ringing of the Liberty Bell on 4 July 1776)<ref>This is the same story that contains the "speech of the unknown patriot."</ref> became part of American folklore."<ref>David S. Reynolds, "Lippard, George"; http://www.anb.org/articles/16/16-01002.html; ''American National Biography Online'' Feb. 2000. Access Date: Thu Aug 07 2008 17:08:25 GMT-0400 (Eastern Daylight Time)</ref>
-The story of the "unknown patriot" was further popularized by Manly P. Hall, a writer and mystic, who used it in a lecture published in ''The Secret Destiny of America''<ref>Manly P. Hall, [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2788218 ''The Secret Destiny of America'' (Los Angeles: Philosophical Research Society, 1944).</ref> Ronald Reagan also later used the story of the "unknown patriot" in his commencement speech at Eureka College on 7 June 1957.<ref>The text of Reagan's speech is available online at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reagan/filmmore/reference/primary/eureka.html.</ref>. +The story of the "unknown patriot" was further popularized by Manly P. Hall, a writer and mystic, who used it in a lecture published in ''The Secret Destiny of America''.<ref>Manly P. Hall, [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2788218 ''The Secret Destiny of America'' (Los Angeles: Philosophical Research Society, 1944).</ref> Ronald Reagan also later used the story of the "unknown patriot" in his commencement speech at Eureka College on 7 June 1957.<ref>The text of Reagan's speech is available online at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reagan/filmmore/reference/primary/eureka.html.</ref>
Both Hall and Reagan claimed that the story of the "unknown patriot" is related in Thomas Jefferson's records, but no such story has ever been found in Jefferson's writings. Both Hall and Reagan claimed that the story of the "unknown patriot" is related in Thomas Jefferson's records, but no such story has ever been found in Jefferson's writings.

Current revision

There is a story that, on July 4th, 1776, the delegates at the Continental Congress were finally convinced to sign the Declaration of Independence by a rousing speech made by an "unknown patriot," who exhorted the delegates,

"Sign! if the next moment the gibbet's rope is round your neck! Sign! if the next moment this hall rings with the echo of the falling axe! Sign! By all your hopes in life or death, as husbands–-as fathers–-as men–-sign your names to the Parchment or be accursed forever!"

This story is a work of historical fiction. It appeared in George Lippard's Washington and His Generals; Or, Legends of the Revolution.[1] According to American National Biography, Lippard "wrote many semifanciful 'legends' of American history, mythologizing the founding fathers and retelling key moments of the American Revolution so vividly that several of the legends (most famously the one describing the ringing of the Liberty Bell on 4 July 1776)[2] became part of American folklore."[3]

The story of the "unknown patriot" was further popularized by Manly P. Hall, a writer and mystic, who used it in a lecture published in The Secret Destiny of America.[4] Ronald Reagan also later used the story of the "unknown patriot" in his commencement speech at Eureka College on 7 June 1957.[5]

Both Hall and Reagan claimed that the story of the "unknown patriot" is related in Thomas Jefferson's records, but no such story has ever been found in Jefferson's writings.

Footnotes

  1. George Lippard, Washington and His Generals; Or, Legends of the Revolution (Philadelphia: Zieber, 1847), 394-396.
  2. This is the same story that contains the "speech of the unknown patriot."
  3. David S. Reynolds, "Lippard, George"; http://www.anb.org/articles/16/16-01002.html; American National Biography Online Feb. 2000. Access Date: Thu Aug 07 2008 17:08:25 GMT-0400 (Eastern Daylight Time)
  4. Manly P. Hall, [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/2788218 The Secret Destiny of America (Los Angeles: Philosophical Research Society, 1944).
  5. The text of Reagan's speech is available online at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reagan/filmmore/reference/primary/eureka.html.