The Unknown Patriot

From Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia

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There is a story that, on July 2nd, 1776, the delegates at the Continental Congress were finally convinced to sign the Declaration of Independence by a rousing speech made by an "unknown patriot," who exhorted the delegates,

"Sign! if the next moment the gibbet's rope is round your neck! Sign! if the next moment this hall rings with the echo of the falling axe! Sign! By all your hopes in life or death, as husbands–as fathers–as men–sign your names to the Parchment or be accursed forever!"

This story is entirely fictional. It appeared in George Lippard's Washington and His Generals; Or, Legends of the Revolution[1] According to American National Biography, Lippard "wrote many semifanciful 'legends' of American history, mythologizing the founding fathers and retelling key moments of the American Revolution so vividly that several of the legends (most famously the one describing the ringing of the Liberty Bell on 4 July 1776) became part of American folklore."[2]

The story of the "unknown patriot" was further popularized by Manly P. Hall, a writer and mystic, who


  1. George Lippard, Washington and His Generals; Or, Legends of the Revolution (Philadelphia: Zieber, 1847), 394-396.
  2. David S. Reynolds, "Lippard, George";; American National Biography Online Feb. 2000. Access Date: Thu Aug 07 2008 17:08:25 GMT-0400 (Eastern Daylight Time)