Violins

From Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia

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-[[Thomas Jefferson]] owned a number of '''violins''' over his lifetime. However, it is unclear how many and what happened to them over the years after his [[Jefferson's Cause of Death|death]]. As Helen Cripe argues, Jefferson could have owned a smaller violin or kit that [[Nicholas Philip Trist]] received from Jefferson later on.<ref>Trist Memorandum. Found in [[Short Title List|Randall, ''Life'']], 1:131.</ref> Researchers can say he had three: a violin he bought from Dr. Pasteur in 1768, one he bought from Sir John Randolph in 1775, and a small violin noted in 1788. There is a family legend that Jefferson saved a violin from the Shadwell fire in 1770. If that violin is different from the Pasteur violin, then it might be four. +[[Thomas Jefferson]] owned a number of '''violins''' over his lifetime. However, it is unclear how many and what happened to them over the years after his [[Jefferson's Cause of Death|death]]. As Helen Cripe argues, Jefferson could have owned a smaller violin or kit that [[Nicholas Philip Trist]] received from Jefferson later on.<ref>Helen Cripe, [http://tjportal.monticello.org/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=675 Thomas Jefferson and Music] (Charlottesville:University Press of Virginia, 1974), 44, and Trist Memorandum. Found in [[Short Title List|Randall, ''Life'']], 1:131.</ref> Researchers can say he had three: a violin he bought from Dr. Pasteur in 1768, one he bought from Sir John Randolph in 1775, and a small violin noted in 1788. There is a family legend that Jefferson saved a violin from the Shadwell fire in 1770. If that violin is different from the Pasteur violin, then it might be four.
-After Jefferson's [[Jefferson's Cause of Death|death]], Joseph Coolidge sold two violins to London. The disposition of a single one of these instruments has never been documented and it is not known conclusively where any of them are located. +After Jefferson's [[Jefferson's Cause of Death|death]], [[Joseph Coolidge]] sold two violins to London. The disposition of a single one of these instruments has never been documented and it is not known conclusively where any of them are located.
==Primary Source References== ==Primary Source References==
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'''1793 December 24.''' "Pd. for violin strings 2.06."<ref>Ibid, 2:907.</ref> '''1793 December 24.''' "Pd. for violin strings 2.06."<ref>Ibid, 2:907.</ref>
-'''1826 March 22.''' ([[Nicholas Philip Trist]]). "Mr. Jefferson said...At first I carried about with me that little instrument which I've given to Lewis...I have two [violins] that would fetch in London any price-one a violin of Sir John Randolph's, the other a Cremona more than a hundred years old."<ref>Trist Memorandum. [[Short Title List|Randall, ''Life'']], 1:131-132.</ref>+'''1826 March 22.''' ([[Nicholas Philip Trist]]). "Mr. Jefferson said...At first I carried about with me that little instrument which I've given to [Meriwether] Lewis [Randolph]...I have two [violins] that would fetch in London any price-one a violin of Sir John Randolph's, the other a Cremona more than a hundred years old."<ref>Trist Memorandum. [[Short Title List|Randall, ''Life'']], 1:131-132.</ref>
==Footnotes== ==Footnotes==

Revision as of 11:31, 23 April 2008

Thomas Jefferson owned a number of violins over his lifetime. However, it is unclear how many and what happened to them over the years after his death. As Helen Cripe argues, Jefferson could have owned a smaller violin or kit that Nicholas Philip Trist received from Jefferson later on.[1] Researchers can say he had three: a violin he bought from Dr. Pasteur in 1768, one he bought from Sir John Randolph in 1775, and a small violin noted in 1788. There is a family legend that Jefferson saved a violin from the Shadwell fire in 1770. If that violin is different from the Pasteur violin, then it might be four.

After Jefferson's death, Joseph Coolidge sold two violins to London. The disposition of a single one of these instruments has never been documented and it is not known conclusively where any of them are located.

Primary Source References

1768 February 11. "Recd. of Charles Hudson for fiddlestrings, 7/6."[2]

1768 May 28. "Pd. Doctr. Pasteur for violin L5."[3]

1768 October 4. "Pd. at Hornsby's for fiddlestrings 3/."[4]

1768 October 13. "Pd. at Hornsby's for fiddlestrings 2/3."[5]

1769 August 10. "Pd. Richards for fiddlestrings 3/."[6]

1770 June 23. "Pd. Hornsby for fiddlestrings 1/3."[7]

1770 June 24. "Pd. for fiddlestring 7 1/2d."[8]

1770 October 8. "Pd. at Hornsby's for fiddlestring 1/10 1/2."[9]

1771 July 15. "Pd. at Printg. office for fiddle strings 3/1 1/2."[10]

1771 July 15. "Pd. at Hornsby's for do. 3/9.[11]

1775 July 28. "Pd. Hillegas for violin strings 21/3."[12]

1775 August 17. "Delivered to Carter Braxton an order on the Treasurer in favor of J. Randolph Atty. General for L13. the purchase money for his violin."[13]

1776 May 24. "Pd. Hillegas for fiddle strings 27/."[14]

1783 November 20. "Pd. for pocket book 12/6--mendg. violin 2/6."[15]

1784 November 30. "pd. for fiddle strings 7f4."</ref>Ibid, 1:569.</ref>

1788 August 15. "Pd. for a small violin 36#."[16]

1792 July 13. "Pd. for fiddle stings .97." [17]

1793 December 24. "Pd. for violin strings 2.06."[18]

1826 March 22. (Nicholas Philip Trist). "Mr. Jefferson said...At first I carried about with me that little instrument which I've given to [Meriwether] Lewis [Randolph]...I have two [violins] that would fetch in London any price-one a violin of Sir John Randolph's, the other a Cremona more than a hundred years old."[19]

Footnotes

  1. Helen Cripe, Thomas Jefferson and Music (Charlottesville:University Press of Virginia, 1974), 44, and Trist Memorandum. Found in Randall, Life, 1:131.
  2. MB, 1:70.
  3. Ibid, 1:77.
  4. Ibid, 1:82.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Ibid, 1:147.
  7. Ibid, 1:205.
  8. Ibid.
  9. Ibid, 1:209.
  10. Ibid, 1:257.
  11. Ibid.
  12. Ibid, 1:403.
  13. Ibid, 1:405.
  14. Ibid, 1:419.
  15. Ibid, 539.
  16. This was a kit which Jefferson used for practice and later gave to a student at the University of Virginia. Ibid, 1:712.
  17. Ibid, 2:876.
  18. Ibid, 2:907.
  19. Trist Memorandum. Randall, Life, 1:131-132.

Further Sources