William Wirt

From Thomas Jefferson Encyclopedia

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William Wirt (1772-1834) was Attorney General of the United States under James Monroe and the 1832 anti-Masonic candidate for president. Wirt also served as a Democratic Republican Party lawyer for Thomas Jefferson over the years. Born in Bladensburg, Maryland, he moved to Culpeper, Virginia, in 1792. There he passed the Virginia bar and met his future wife Mildred Gilmor, father of George Gilmer and close friend of Jefferson.

This Gilmer connection brought Wirt into Jefferson's orbit. Jefferson, evidently appreciating his legal skills, hired Wirt in the case of Cobbs v. Jefferson. After Mildred's death in 1799, Jefferson recommended Wirt to be the clerk of the House of Delegates. He served as counsel in the sedition trial representing James Callender, though he lost the case and Callender served time in jail. In 1807, Wirt unsuccessfully prosecuted Aaron Burr for treason. James Madison made him a U.S. attorney before he served for one year as the U.S. Attorney General for James Monroe in 1817.

Jefferson offered Wirt a professorship in law at the University of Virginia, but he turned it down. After Jefferson's death, Wirt eulogized him and John Adams in the House of Representatives on October 19, 1826.

Primary Source References[1]

1796 June 16. "Pd. Mr. Wirt 5.D. fee in Cobbs's suit agt. me."[2]


  1. Please note that this list should not be considered comprehensive.
  2. MB, 2:942.

Further Sources